This application note presents a use case for a specialized QSFP+ 40G optical transceiver. The transceiver type is referred to as a 40GBASE-SR-BD, 40GBASE-SR-BX or 40GBASE-BIDI. What makes this transceiver special is, it is equipped with a LC Duplex optical connector and is specified for full-duplex 40GbE transmission over a single pair of OM3 fibers up to 100m or OM4 fiber up to 150m. The more common Short Reach (SR) multimode QSFP+ optical transceiver, the 40GBASE-SR4 type, is equipped with an MPO/MPT connector and is specified for full-duplex transmission over up to 100m of OM3 multimode ribbon fiber (MPO-12, 8 fibers of which are used).
The scenario explored in this application note is the effectiveness and ease of an upgrading an existing 10GbE duplex multimode link to 40GbE in situations where running new fiber is difficult or cost prohibitive. In such cases, the 40GBASE-SR4 cannot be considered because it requires installation of an 8-fiber ribbon MMF cable.
For illustrative purposes two different brands of Ethernet switches, one designated a Spine switch and the other a Leaf switch are featured. In this scenario, previous switches, are being replaced by higher-capacity devices that are each equipped with QSFP+ ports. The existing switches were connected by 4 pairs of OM3 multimode fiber for a total full-duplex interconnect of 40Gbps. The new switches must interconnect at 40Gbps over those same 8 fibers for a new total of 160Gbps. The upgraded spine switch is a Cisco Nexus 9336PQ Switch and the leaf switch, an Extreme Networks X770-32q.
The 9336PQ offers 36 full line-rate (40Gbps) QSFP+ ports for a total of 2.88Tbps of throughput. The switch is 2-rack-units (2RU = 3.5”) tall and mounts in a standard 19” equipment rack or bay. It is a fixed configuration, meaning it is a single configuration with no modularity. The Nexus 9336PQ is part of what Cisco refers to as its Application Centric Infrastructure (Cisco ACI) solution. Claiming this solution to be, “the industry’s most secure, open, and comprehensive Software-Defined Networking (SDN) solution.”
The Nexus 9h336PQ supports a range of AOC
(Active Optical Cable) and DAC
(Direct Attached Copper) interconnect cables lengths as well as following 40G QSFP+ transceiver options
QSFP-40G-SR4 QSFP+ SR4, 100m, OM3 MMF, MPO connector
QSFP-40G-CSR4 QSFP+ CSR4, 300m OM3 MMF, MPO connector
WSP-Q40GLR4L QSFP+ LR4L, 2Km SMF, duplex LC connector
QSFP-40G-ER4 QSFP+ 40Gb ER4, 40Km SMF, duplex LC connector
QSFP-40G-SR-BD QSFP+ 40Gb Bidirectional MMF, 100m OM3, duplex LC connector
QSFP-40G-LR4 QSFP+ 40Gb LR4, 10km SMF, duplex LC connector
QSFP-4X10G-LR QSFP+ 40Gb PLR4, 10km SMF, MPO
The X770-32q, a part of Extreme Networks’ Summit line of switches, is positioned as a high-density TOR switch to support the latest generation of rack-mounted servers with 10GbE and 40GbE connections. This X770 switch supports Layer 2/3 low-latency cut-through switching. The X770 includes 32 QSFP+ ports all capable of full-line rate 40Gbps traffic with a corresponding 2.56 Tbps of switching bandwidth. All QSFP+ slots are 10G/40G dual-speed capable.
The X770 supports a wide range of 40G and 10G optical transceivers. Supported 40G modules include:
10319 QSFP+ SR4 optical module, 100m, OM3, MPO connector
10326 QSFP+ Parallel Single Mode (PSM) LR4, SMF 10km, MPO connector
10334 QSFP+ LM4, 140m OM3 MMF, 1Km SMF, duplex LC connector
10335 QSFP+ 40Gb ER4, 40Km SMF, duplex LC connector
10329 QSFP+ 40Gb SR-BX, Bidirectional MMF, 100m OM3, duplex LC connector
10320 QSFP+ 40Gb LR4, 10km SMF, duplex LC connector
10G optical transceivers, accommodated by using Extreme’s QSFP+ to SFP+ adapter (PN: QSFFP-SFPP-ADPT) include:
10301 SFP+ 10GBASE-SR, 850nm, 300m on OM3 MMF, duplex LC
10302 SFP+ 10GBASE-LR, 1310nm, 10km, SMF, duplex LC
10309 SFP+ 10GBASE-ER, 1550nm, 40km, SMF, duplex LC
10310 SFP+ 10GBASE-ZR, 1550nm, 80km, SMF, duplex LC
10338 SFP+ 10GBASE-T, RJ45, 30m, CAT7
A range of Copper and Fiber Direct Attached Cables are also supported by the X770.
FluxLight Cisco-compatible QSFP-40G-SR-BD QSFP+ 40GbE Optical Transceiver
FluxLight’s QSFP-40G-SR-BD is a Cisco® compatible 40GBase SFP+ Optical Transceiver and is factory pre-programmed with all the necessary configuration data for seamless network integration. These transceivers perform identically to Cisco® original transceivers, are 100% compatible and support full hot swapping operation. The QSFP-40G-SR-BD is 100% MSA (Multi-Source Agreement) compliant.
The 10329 SFP+ optical transceiver from FluxLight is 100% equivalent to the Extreme Networks’ transceiver of the same part number. It is fully compatible with the Extreme X770 switch described in this note. Like all FluxLight optical transceivers, both the 10329 and the QSFP-40G-SR-BD are backed by FluxLight’s limited lifetime warranty.
Putting it all together
Putting this upgrade together is relatively simple, thanks to the 40GBASE-SR-BD optical transceivers. The old 10GbE switches may be removed, if there is some use for them, space may be found nearby for the new switches. Once installed, four compatible optical transceivers from FluxLight are inserted. Each pair of OM3 cables, previously connecting at 10Gbps, are now connected to the QSFP+ 40GbE modules.
This example of a 10G to 40G upgrade using existing fiber was demonstrated using switches from Cisco and Extreme Networks. FluxLight offers the same 40GBASE-SR-BD technology in fully compatible QSFP+ modules for the OEM vendors listed below.
Platform Support for Cisco QSFP-40G-SR-BD
|7600 Series Router
||Network Convergence System
|Aggregation Services Routers
||Unified Computing System
FluxLight's Full Line of 40GBase-SRBD Transceivers